There is always some risk involved with all physical activities, sporting or otherwise. You should always ensure that these risks are minimized before the start of each activity. In many instances, accidents and injuries can be avoided if one adheres to safety practices.
The following shows some safety tips and practices that will serve as a reminder in your participation of sports and games. The list is not exhaustive and serves as a simple checklist for those intending to participate in sports and physical activities.
SAFETY TIPSFOR PARTICIPATION IN SPORTS AND GAMES
Before the start of sport/game
- If you have a medical condition, check with your doctor if you are suitable for the sport/game.
- Do not participate in the sport/game if you are injured/unwell.
- Check the weather conditions. Do not train or play outdoors if there is poor air quality, extreme heat or lightning risks.
- Put on appropriate attire.
- Consider the use of sunscreen to prevent overexposure to the sun.
- Hydrate yourself adequately by drinking water half an hour before the exercise.
- Check all personal protective gear (e.g. helmets, shin guards) and equipment (e.g. racket, shoes) to ensure that they are in good working condition.
- Remove all hard/sharp objects and accessories (e.g. necklaces, ear studs, rings).
- Check that the playing environment (e.g. field, indoor court) is free from litter and hazards (e.g. sharp objects, wet flooring) are removed/cleared before the start of the sport/game.
- Check that the venue is well lit.
- Conduct warm up activities (e.g. jogging) before performing static stretching 1 exercises
During the sport/game
- Rest frequently to stay hydrated and cool.
- Hydrate yourself adequately by drinking water frequently during the sport/game.
- Monitor your teammates/opponents for their physical well-being.
- Stop if you are injured/unwell. Seek help if required (e.g. to approach your teacher-in-charge/an adult).
After the sport/game
- Perform ‘cool-down’ routines (e.g. walking, dynamic stretching 2).
- Hydrate yourself adequately by drinking water after the sport/game.
- Seek medical advice should there be any sign(s) of injury/illness following the sport/game.
- Refers to stretching where a stretch is held in a specific location for a certain time.
- Refers to stretching where only body weight is used. Examples: Push-ups and Chin-ups.
(Adapted from the Singapore Schools Sports Council Safety Tips (broken link) for Participation in Sports and Games dtd 3 March 2011)